IEC&A "The Electrical and Electronic Experts"
Investigative Engineering Consultants and Associates


IEC & Associates provides Electrical and Electronic Forensic and Investigative Engineering, Patent Infringement Analysis, Claim Chart Mapping, Reverse Engineering, Product Teardowns, Design Engineering, Failure Analysis, and Expert Witness Services for Attorneys, Insurance Companies, Industry and Government. We specialize in electrical and electronic systems, products and devices. Issues addressed include all aspects of the product or system under review or investigation, including design, fabrication, production, operation, failure analysis, reverse engineering, environmental conditions, agency compliance, safety, and product testing of electrical and electronic systems, products and devices as well as computer systems, hardware and software.



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We specialize in Forensic & Investigative Engineering, Patent Infringement Analysis and Expert Witness Services in the areas of Electrical & Electronic Systems, Products and Devices.



Mark's BLOG


Product Liability Discussion by David McCracken

As a Manufacturing Quality Consultant and Expert Witness, I encounter each of these 3 categories on a daily basis:


1) Manufacturing Defects - when the product departs from its intended design, even when all care was observed.

2) Design Defects - when a product’s design could have been altered to mitigate foreseeable risks of harm, especially when a failure to alter a design renders a product not reasonably safe.

3) Inadequate Instructions or Warning Defects - when foreseeable risks of harm could have been avoided by including reasonable instructions, and failure to do so renders a product not reasonably safe.

Manufacturing defects are a reality. The fact that most manufacturer's inspect and test their products to detect and reject any parts or products before they reach a customer's hands, does not eliminate all such manufacturing defects from getting through, with some causing unfortunate results.

Design defects are often prevented through good engineering and the use of DFMEA's (Design Failure Mode and Effects Analysis). The reality is that even with very good engineering practices, DFMEA's do not always identify and properly quantify the real risks associated with potential failure modes and their sometimes-catastrophic effects.

Inadequate Instructions and Warning Defects abound. The level of details that is required for product usage instructions are dependent on the specific product and applicable industry standards. It's unfortunate that even with good design engineering and manufacturing process controls, quality controls, and additional quality assurance inspections and tests, that so many product liability and personal injury claims arise from a manufacturer's failure to provide adequate usage instructions and safety warnings.

Product liability and personal injury cases require careful forensic investigation and "hands-on" experience based experts to analyze and identify the root cause or causes were that lead to the direct cause of any product design, manufacturing, or instruction/warning defects and failures.

I'd be happy to provide anyone in this group with Expert Witness support for product liability and personal injury cases involving manufactured product design defects and failures, manufacturing defects and failures, and/or product usage instructions and warnings defects and failures.

David "Mac" McCracken
Manufacturing Assurance Consultants, Inc.
International Supplier Quality Consultants, Inc.
Website: www.SupplierQA.com
E-mail: SupplierQA@gmail.com
Verizon iPhone: 412-965-6211

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